Breeding Sphynx Cats

The Sphynx cat or ‘Canadian Hairless’ is a refined breed that has been selectively bred from two hairless cats found in 1975. Since then the breed has risen to popularity and the cat is seen commonly, although it is still considered to be one of the rarer modern breeds.

There are strict breeding guidelines related to breeding Sphynx: breeders must be aware of the constantly changing rules and regulations involved with breeding any type of cat, and the health and genetic issues involved with this one specifically. In outcrossing, all cats used should be sound of temperament, healthy and of a good size.

The Sphynx cat is genetically similar to a Devon rex, its hairless mutation is caused by the same gene but with a different part of it being dominant. Modern examples of the breed are mostly healthy with no severe common defects, meaning that it is not too difficult to find a good male and female with which to breed more.

When looking for a female Sphynx, it is important to choose one with prominent cheek bones and large ears. In terms of size choose a medium sized muscular cat, the best build for carrying kittens. The price can sometimes be high for a good Sphynx, but it is worth the initial investment.

When choosing a male Sphynx, it is important to decide whether you will use a stud or purchase a cat of your own. The benefits and cost of using a stud are much more attractive. Purchasing your own male cat is risky as it may lose, or never gain interest in mating with the female. Remember to ask for up to date health certificates for any stud you use.

Prior to delivery you should ensure that the Female Sphynx is allocated a warm comfortable area in which to eventually give birth. Get the female used to spending time in this location, and after delivery ensure that this location is well cushioned, warm and clean, and spacious enough to accommodate mother and kittens. No heavy duty disinfectants or cleaning products should be used as they will irritate the cat’s skin.

From a few weeks after birth and sometimes before, Sphynx kittens will need to be bathed and washed in warm water - whilst being careful not to get any into their eyes. It is advised to keep the area they inhabit well heated; thin blankets can be applied if necessary.

As a general cast iron rule, Sphynx kittens should not be sold or re-homed before the age of 12 weeks, due to their lack of fur they are extra-prone to infections and illnesses, living in a dirty environment can lead to serious conditions such as skin cancer. Due to things like this, it is important that Sphynx cats are properly and responsibly sold or re-homed to owners that have the time to look after them and a living arrangement that will not cause them to become unhealthy.